Workshop 2 - NRT and gender dynamics
NRT and gender
Workshop co-ordinators: Laurence Tain and Marie Lesclingand
The aim of this workshop is to shed light on the links between NRT and gender: How does the gender system contribute to the shaping of assisted reproductive technologies? And in turn, how does technical innovation modify the gender system?
Gender is addressed here as a social system that can be seen as a whole, or which can be broken down into several analytical aspects: Sexuation of the body, link between sexuality and reproduction, sexual division between the productive and reproductive spheres, asymmetries, inequalities, domination and resistance between masculine and feminine. While reproductive techniques already have a long history, they are developing today in the context of a globalized society, involving trans-national dissemination of norms and practices. Discussion will therefore focus on both the invariants and the variations observed over time and space between gender and ART.
More specifically, the aim is to pinpoint rigidity and change via users’ trajectories, practices, norms and representations of knowledge. Can we identify a dominant social framework of gender, an individual and/or collective gender "contract" that distributes sexual characteristics and institutes a mainstream mode of articulation between sexuality and reproduction and a hierarchy between the sexes? If so, how does it contribute to the shaping of innovation? Can we identify convergences, tension or paradoxes between norms and gender, biological arguments, references from "nature", and technical procedures? Is this gender system reinforced, amplified or destabilized by ART practices on a global scale? How does gender tie in with other social relationships? Are we witnessing coproduction, coformation, coextensiveness of inequality?
Attention will focus on analysis in terms of gender, not only with respect to social frameworks, but also in relation to experiences, practices and representations of actors, women, couples and medical personnel.